Exercise Physiology is the study of how our bodies respond to physical activity. It includes heart rate, blood pressure, oxygen consumption, and body temperature.
The Basics of Exercise Physiology.
Exercise physiology is the scientific study of the effects of exercise on human physiology. Includes the effects of different forms of exercise (e.g., aerobic vs resistance training) on various aspects of health (e.g., cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength).
Exercise physiology is the science of understanding how physical activity affects our bodies. It helps us understand why we feel better after exercising and why some people get injured while others don’t. It also helps us understand why certain types of exercise work best for specific goals. For example, running is excellent for cardio fitness, weight loss, and injury prevention, whereas lifting weights is great for building muscle mass and strength.
Types of Exercise Physiology Research.
There are two main areas of research within exercise physiology: 1) the effects of exercise on the body and 2) the effects of exercise training on the body.
The first area of study focuses on the physiological changes during physical activity. For example, researchers look at how exercise affects the cardiovascular, respiratory, muscular, and nervous systems. In addition, scientists examine the impact of exercise on the immune system, bone density, and cognitive function.
Why Do We Exercise?
People exercise because they enjoy it. They also exercise to improve their fitness level, lose weight, build muscle, or gain strength. In addition, people exercise to reduce stress, improve their mood, and enhance their quality of life.
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) defines exercise as “any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that result in energy expenditure.” The ACSM further states that exercise has three components: physical activity, physiological effects, and health benefits. Physical activity is any body movement that increases energy expenditure above resting levels. Physiological effects include improved cardiovascular function, increased oxygen uptake, and enhanced immune system functioning. Health benefits include reduced risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer; improved mental well-being; and increased longevity.
Benefits of Exercise.
There are many benefits to exercising. It improves cardiovascular function, helps maintain bone density, reduces blood pressure, strengthens muscles, and provides energy.
The American College of Sports Medicine recommends at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity (such as brisk walking) or 75 minutes per week of vigorous aerobic activity (such as jogging). If you want to lose weight, try adding strength training to your routine. Strength training builds muscle mass, which burns calories while helping you build lean muscle tissue.
An excellent place to start with exercise physiology is learning what exercises are safe and effective for different people. Includes understanding how much weight should be used when performing specific exercises.
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends that adults perform aerobic exercises at least 150 minutes per week. Aerobic activities include walking, running, swimming, biking, dancing, hiking, and cardio. Strength training is recommended three times per week. These workouts should last between 30 and 60 minutes each.
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